Computes the area of that part of a disc that is not covered by other discs.

```
areaGain(u, X, r, ..., W=as.owin(X), exact=FALSE,
ngrid=spatstat.options("ngrid.disc"))
```

u

Coordinates of the centre of the disc of interest.
A vector of length 2.
Alternatively, a point pattern (object of class `"ppp"`

).

X

Locations of the centres of other discs.
A point pattern (object of class `"ppp"`

).

r

Disc radius, or vector of disc radii.

…

Ignored.

W

Window (object of class `"owin"`

)
in which the area should be computed.

exact

Choice of algorithm.
If `exact=TRUE`

, areas are computed exactly using
analytic geometry. If `exact=FALSE`

then a faster algorithm
is used to compute a discrete approximation to the areas.

ngrid

Integer. Number of points in the square grid used to compute
the discrete approximation, when `exact=FALSE`

.

A matrix with one row for each point in `u`

and one column for each value in `r`

.

This function computes the area of that part of
the disc of radius `r`

centred at the location `u`

that is *not* covered by any of the discs of radius `r`

centred at the points of the pattern `X`

.
This area is important in some calculations related to
the area-interaction model `AreaInter`

.

If `u`

is a point pattern and `r`

is a vector,
the result is a matrix, with one row for each point in `u`

and one column for each entry of `r`

. The `[i,j]`

entry
in the matrix is the area of that part of the disc of radius
`r[j]`

centred at the location `u[i]`

that is
*not* covered by any of the discs of radius `r[j]`

centred at the points of the pattern `X`

.

If `W`

is not `NULL`

, then the areas are computed only
inside the window `W`

.

```
# NOT RUN {
data(cells)
u <- c(0.5,0.5)
areaGain(u, cells, 0.1)
# }
```

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