moran.plot

0th

Percentile

Moran scatterplot

A plot of spatial data against its spatially lagged values, augmented by reporting the summary of influence measures for the linear relationship between the data and the lag. If zero policy is TRUE, such observations are also marked if they occur.

Keywords
spatial
Usage
moran.plot(x, listw, zero.policy=NULL, spChk=NULL, labels=NULL, xlab=NULL, ylab=NULL, quiet=NULL, ...)
Arguments
x
a numeric vector the same length as the neighbours list in listw
listw
a listw object created for example by nb2listw
zero.policy
default NULL, use global option value; if TRUE assign zero to the lagged value of zones without neighbours, if FALSE assign NA
spChk
should the data vector names be checked against the spatial objects for identity integrity, TRUE, or FALSE, default NULL to use get.spChkOption()
labels
character labels for points with high influence measures, if set to FALSE, no labels are plotted for points with large influence
xlab
label for x axis
ylab
label for x axis
quiet
default NULL, use !verbose global option value; if TRUE, output of summary of influence object suppressed
...
further graphical parameters as in par(..)
Value

The function returns an influence object from influence.measures.

References

Anselin, L. 1996. The Moran scatterplot as an ESDA tool to assess local instability in spatial association. pp. 111--125 in M. M. Fischer, H. J. Scholten and D. Unwin (eds) Spatial analytical perspectives on GIS, London, Taylor and Francis; Anselin, L. 1995. Local indicators of spatial association, Geographical Analysis, 27, 93--115

See Also

localmoran, influence.measures

Aliases
  • moran.plot
Examples
data(afcon)
moran.plot(afcon$totcon, nb2listw(paper.nb),
 labels=as.character(afcon$name), pch=19)
moran.plot(as.vector(scale(afcon$totcon)), nb2listw(paper.nb),
 labels=as.character(afcon$name), xlim=c(-2, 4), ylim=c(-2,4), pch=19)
Documentation reproduced from package spdep, version 0.6-9, License: GPL (>= 2)

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