# arima.sim

##### Simulate from an ARIMA Model

Simulate from an ARIMA model.

- Keywords
- ts

##### Usage

```
arima.sim(model, n, rand.gen = rnorm, innov = rand.gen(n, …),
n.start = NA, start.innov = rand.gen(n.start, …),
…)
```

##### Arguments

- model
A list with component

`ar`

and/or`ma`

giving the AR and MA coefficients respectively. Optionally a component`order`

can be used. An empty list gives an ARIMA(0, 0, 0) model, that is white noise.- n
length of output series, before un-differencing. A strictly positive integer.

- rand.gen
optional: a function to generate the innovations.

- innov
an optional times series of innovations. If not provided,

`rand.gen`

is used.- n.start
length of ‘burn-in’ period. If

`NA`

, the default, a reasonable value is computed.- start.innov
an optional times series of innovations to be used for the burn-in period. If supplied there must be at least

`n.start`

values (and`n.start`

is by default computed inside the function).- …
additional arguments for

`rand.gen`

. Most usefully, the standard deviation of the innovations generated by`rnorm`

can be specified by`sd`

.

##### Details

See `arima`

for the precise definition of an ARIMA model.

The ARMA model is checked for stationarity.

ARIMA models are specified via the `order`

component of
`model`

, in the same way as for `arima`

. Other
aspects of the `order`

component are ignored, but inconsistent
specifications of the MA and AR orders are detected. The
un-differencing assumes previous values of zero, and to remind the
user of this, those values are returned.

Random inputs for the ‘burn-in’ period are generated by calling
`rand.gen`

.

##### Value

A time-series object of class `"ts"`

.

##### See Also

##### Examples

`library(stats)`

```
# NOT RUN {
require(graphics)
arima.sim(n = 63, list(ar = c(0.8897, -0.4858), ma = c(-0.2279, 0.2488)),
sd = sqrt(0.1796))
# mildly long-tailed
arima.sim(n = 63, list(ar = c(0.8897, -0.4858), ma = c(-0.2279, 0.2488)),
rand.gen = function(n, ...) sqrt(0.1796) * rt(n, df = 5))
# An ARIMA simulation
ts.sim <- arima.sim(list(order = c(1,1,0), ar = 0.7), n = 200)
ts.plot(ts.sim)
# }
```

*Documentation reproduced from package stats, version 3.5.0, License: Part of R 3.5.0*