Brainsz

0th

Percentile

Brain Size and IQ Data

The data are based on a study by Willerman et al. (1991) of the relationships between brain size, gender, and intelligence. The research participants consisted of 40 right-handed introductory psychology students with no history of alcoholism, unconsciousness, brain damage, epilepsy, or heart disease who were selected from a larger pool of introductory psychology students with total Scholastic Aptitude Test Scores higher than 1350 or lower than 940. The students in the study took four subtests (Vocabulary, Similarities, Block Design, and Picture Completion) of the Wechsler (1981) Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised. Among the students with Wechsler full-scale IQ<U+2019>s less than 103, 10 males and 10 females were randomly selected. Similarly, among the students with Wechsler full-scale IQ<U+2019>s greater than 130, 10 males and 10 females were randomly selected, yielding a randomized blocks design. MRI scans were performed at the same facility for all 40 research participants to measure brain size. The scans consisted of 18 horizontal MRI images. The computer counted all pixels with non-zero gray scale in each of the 18 images, and the total count served as an index for brain size. The dataset and description are adapted from the Data and Story Library (DASL) website.

Keywords
datasets
Usage
Brainsz
Format

A data frame with 40 rows and 7 variables:

ID

case number

GENDER

gender of student

FSIQ

full-scale IQ score based on WAIS-R

VIQ

verbal IQ score based on WAIS-R

PIQ

performance IQ score based on WAIS-R

MRI

pixel count from 18 MRI scans

IQDI

group membership based on FSIQ score

Aliases
  • Brainsz
Documentation reproduced from package sur, version 1.0.0, License: GPL (>= 2)

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