survival (version 3.2-10)

cluster: Identify clusters.

Description

This is a special function used in the context of survival models. It identifies correlated groups of observations, and is used on the right hand side of a formula. This style is now discouraged, use the cluster option instead.

Usage

cluster(x)

Arguments

x

A character, factor, or numeric variable.

Value

x

Details

The function's only action is semantic, to mark a variable as the cluster indicator. The resulting variance is what is known as the ``working independence'' variance in a GEE model. Note that one cannot use both a frailty term and a cluster term in the same model, the first is a mixed-effects approach to correlation and the second a GEE approach, and these don't mix.

See Also

coxph, survreg

Examples

# NOT RUN {
marginal.model <- coxph(Surv(time, status) ~ rx, data= rats, cluster=litter,
                         subset=(sex=='f'))
frailty.model  <- coxph(Surv(time, status) ~ rx + frailty(litter), rats,
                         subset=(sex=='f'))
# }