xts (version 0.12.1)

.parseISO8601: Internal ISO 8601:2004(e) Time Parser

Description

This function is used internally in the subsetting mechanism of xts. The function is unexported, though documented for use with xts subsetting.

Usage

.parseISO8601(x, start, end, tz="")

.makeISO8601(x)

Arguments

x

For .parseISO8601(x), a character string conforming to the ISO 8601:2004(e) rules. For .makeISO8601(x), x should be a time-like object with start and end methods.

start

lower constraint on range

end

upper constraint of range

tz

timezone (tzone) to use internally

Value

A list of length two, with an entry named ‘first.time’ and one names ‘last.time’.

For .makeISO8601, a character vector of length one describing the ISO-style format for a given time-based object.

Details

This function replicates most of the ISO standard for expressing time and time-based ranges in a universally accepted way.

The best documentation is now the official ISO page as well as the Wikipedia entry for ISO 8601:2004.

The basic idea is to create the endpoints of a range, given a string representation. These endpoints are aligned in POSIXct time to the zero second of the day at the beginning, and the 59.9999th second of the 59th minute of the 23rd hour of the final day.

For dates prior to the epoch (1970-01-01) the ending time is aligned to the 59.0000 second. This is due to a bug/feature in the R implementation of asPOSIXct and mktime0 at the C-source level. This limits the precision of ranges prior to 1970 to 1 minute granularity with the current xts workaround.

Recurring times over multiple days may be specified using the T notation. See the examples for details.

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_8601 https://www.iso.org/iso-8601-date-and-time-format.html

Examples

Run this code
# NOT RUN {
# the start and end of 2000
.parseISO8601('2000')

# the start of 2000 and end of 2001
.parseISO8601('2000/2001')

# May 1, 2000 to Dec 31, 2001
.parseISO8601('2000-05/2001')

# May 1, 2000 to end of Feb 2001
.parseISO8601('2000-05/2001-02')

# Jan 1, 2000 to Feb 29, 2000; note the truncated time on the LHS
.parseISO8601('2000-01/02')

# 8:30 to 15:00 (used in xts subsetting to extract recurring times)
.parseISO8601('T08:30/T15:00')
# }

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