Query the TimeZone of an xts object

Get the TimeZone of an xts object.

indexTZ(x, ...)
tzone(x, ...)

indexTZ(x) <- value tzone(x) <- value


an xts object


a valid TZ object



As of version 0.6-4 all objects carry the time zone under which they were created in a hidden attribute names .indexTZ.

Going forward from 0.7-4, the TZ variable is now also stored in the index itself, in the tzone attribute. This is to facilitate the transition to removing the xts-specific attributes referenced by tzone, indexFormat, and indexClass. These accessor functions will continue to behave the same under the new internals. Additionally, there is a new getter/setter method with tzone and tzone<-.

Internally, all time indexing is converted to POSIXct, seconds since the epoch as defined by a combination of the underlying OS and the TZ variable setting at creation. The current implementation of xts manages time zone information as transparently as possible, delegating all management to R, which is in turn managed in most instances by the underlying operating system.

During printing, and subsetting by time strings the internal POSIX representation is used to identify in human-friendly terms the time at each position.

This is different than previous versions of xts, where the index was stored in its native format (i.e. class).

The ability to create an index using any of the supported timeBased classes (POSIXct, Date, dates, chron, timeDate, yearmon, yearqtr) is managed at the user-interaction point, and the class is merely stored in another index attribute, which is named ‘tclass’. This is accessible and changeable via the tclass and tclass(x)<- functions.

In most cases, all of this makes the subsetting by time strings possible, and also allows for consistent and fast manipulation of the series internally.

Problems may arise when an object that had been created under one TZ (time zone) are used in a session using another TZ. This isn't usually a issue, but when it is a warning is given upon printing or subsetting. This warning may be controlled with options("xts_check_TZ").


A named vector of length one, giving the objects TZ at creation.


Timezones are a difficult issue to manage. If intraday granularity is not needed, it is often best to set the system TZ to "GMT" or "UTC".

See Also


  • TimeZone
  • indexTZ
  • indexTZ<-
  • tzone
  • tzone<-
x <- xts(1:10, Sys.Date()+1:10)
#indexTZ(x)  # Deprecated(?)
# same, preferred as of 0.9-1
# now set TZ to something different...
# }
Old.TZ <- Sys.getenv("TZ")
# }
Documentation reproduced from package xts, version 0.12.1, License: GPL (>= 2)

Community examples at Sep 7, 2016 xts v0.9-7

## Setting time-zones using tzone This example is derived from the **Intro to Time Series: The Power of xts and zoo** from (DataCamp)[]. First we'll construct a vector of times to be used in constructing our xts object. ```r require(xts) times <- Sys.time() + seq(1, 1000, 100) ``` Next we can use these times to actually create an **xts** object. ```r times_xts <- xts(1:10, = times) ``` Now we can actually play with the time zones using the function `tzone()`. `tzone()`, in my mind, works similar to the base `names()` function. You can use `names()` on an object to extract the names OR you can set names with the following syntax: `names(x) <- c("a", "b", "c")`. `tzone()` wokrs similarly. We can extract the time-zone of our times_xts object, or set it using `tzone()`. We can extract the system time (the time that was used to create `times`). ```r tzone(times_xts) ``` Well, what if you wanted to set your time zone to Hong Kong? Well: ```r tzone(times_xts) <- "Asia/Hong_Kong" ```