DescTools v0.99.37


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Tools for Descriptive Statistics

A collection of miscellaneous basic statistic functions and convenience wrappers for efficiently describing data. The author's intention was to create a toolbox, which facilitates the (notoriously time consuming) first descriptive tasks in data analysis, consisting of calculating descriptive statistics, drawing graphical summaries and reporting the results. The package contains furthermore functions to produce documents using MS Word (or PowerPoint) and functions to import data from Excel. Many of the included functions can be found scattered in other packages and other sources written partly by Titans of R. The reason for collecting them here, was primarily to have them consolidated in ONE instead of dozens of packages (which themselves might depend on other packages which are not needed at all), and to provide a common and consistent interface as far as function and arguments naming, NA handling, recycling rules etc. are concerned. Google style guides were used as naming rules (in absence of convincing alternatives). The 'BigCamelCase' style was consequently applied to functions borrowed from contributed R packages as well.


status downloads downloads License: GPL
v2+ Lifecycle:
maturing R build

Tools for Descriptive Statistics and Exploratory Data Analysis

DescTools is an extensive collection of miscellaneous basic statistics functions and comfort wrappers not available in the R basic system for efficient description of data. The author’s intention was to create a toolbox, which facilitates the (notoriously time consuming) first descriptive tasks in data analysis, consisting of calculating descriptive statistics, drawing graphical summaries and reporting the results. The package contains furthermore functions to produce documents using MS Word (or PowerPoint) and functions to import data from Excel.

A considerable part of the included functions can be found scattered in other packages and other sources written partly by Titans of R. The reason for collecting them here, was primarily to have them consolidated in ONE instead of dozens of packages (which themselves might depend on other packages, which are not needed at all), and to provide a common and consistent interface as far as function and arguments naming, NA handling, recycling rules etc. are concerned. Google style guides were used as naming rules (in absence of convincing alternatives). The ‘CamelStyle’ was consequently applied to functions borrowed from contributed R packages as well.

Feedback, feature requests, bug reports and other suggestions are welcome! Please report problems to to GitHub issues tracker (preferred), Stack Overflow mentioning DescTools or directly to the maintainer.


You can install the released version of DescTools from CRAN with:


And the development version from GitHub with:

if (!require("remotes")) install.packages("remotes")


Warning: This package is still under development. Although the code seems meanwhile quite stable, until release of version 1.0 you should be aware that everything in the package might be subject to change. Backward compatibility is not yet guaranteed. Functions may be deleted or renamed and new syntax may be inconsistent with earlier versions. By release of version 1.0 the “deprecated-defunct process” will be installed.


To make use of MS-Office features, you must have Office in one of its variants installed. All Wrd*, XL* and Pp* functions require the package RDCOMClient to be installed as well. Hence the use of these functions is restricted to Windows systems. RDCOMClient can be installed with:

install.packages("RDCOMClient", repos="")

The omegahat repository does not benefit from the same update service as CRAN. So you may be forced to install a package compiled with an earlier version, which usually is not a problem. Use e.g. for R 3.6.x/R 4.0:

url <- ""
url <- ""
install.packages(url, repos = NULL, type = "binary")

RDCOMClient does not exist for Mac or Linux, sorry.


Andri Signorell
Helsana Versicherungen AG, Health Sciences, Zurich
HWZ University of Applied Sciences in Business Administration Zurich.

R is a community project. This can be seen from the fact that this package includes R source code and/or documentation previously published by various authors and contributors. Special thanks go to Beat Bruengger, Mathias Frueh, Daniel Wollschlaeger for their valuable contributions and testing. The good things come from all these guys, any problems are likely due to my tweaking. Thank you all!

Maintainer: Andri Signorell


demo(describe, package = "DescTools")
demo(plots, package = "DescTools")

Functions in DescTools

Name Description
AUC Area Under the Curve
BinomRatioCI Confidence Intervals for the Ratio of Binomial and Multinomial Proportions
CartToPol Transform Cartesian to Polar/Spherical Coordinates and Vice Versa
ColToHsv R Color to HSV Conversion
CatTable Function to write a table
ColToRgb Color to RGB Conversion
CombPairs Get All Pairs Out of One or Two Sets of Elements
ColumnWrap Column Wrap
CorPolychor Polychoric Correlation
CorPart Find the Correlations for a Set x of Variables With Set y Removed
Cross Vector Cross Product
CrossN n-dimensional Vector Cross Product
DivCoefMax Maximal value of Rao's diversity coefficient also called quadratic entropy
DivCoef Rao's Diversity Coefficient
GetCurrWrd Get a Handle to a Running Word Instance
FindCorr Determine Highly Correlated Variables
FisherZ Fisher-Transformation for Correlation to z-Score
GetNewWrd Create a New Word Instance
Arrow Insert an Arrow Into a Plot
Abstract Display Compact Abstract of a Data Frame
ColToHex Convert a Color or a RGB-color Into Hex String
AddMonths Add a Month to a Date
AscToChar Convert ASCII Codes to Characters and Vice Versa
GoodmanKruskalTau Goodman Kruskal's Tau
ColToGrey Convert Colors to Grey/Grayscale
Asp Get Aspect Ratio of the Current Plot
Assocs Association Measures
BoxCoxLambda Automatic Selection of Box Cox Transformation Parameter
BoxedText Add Text in a Box to a Plot
ConDisPairs Concordant and Discordant Pairs
ConvUnit Unit Conversion and Metrix Prefixes
BrierScore Brier Score for Assessing Prediction Accuracy
BubbleLegend Add a Legend to a Bubble Plot
CompleteColumns Find Complete Columns
Cor Covariance and Correlation (Matrices)
AllDuplicated Index Vector of All Values Involved in Ties
Cstat C Statistic (Area Under the ROC Curve)
Conf Confusion Matrix And Associated Statistics
ConnLines Add Connection Lines to a Barplot
AllIdentical Test Multiple Objects for Exact Equality
CourseData Get HWZ Datasets
Gumbel The Gumbel Distribution
Benford Benford's Distribution
AndersonDarlingTest Anderson-Darling Test of Goodness-of-Fit
Association measures Cramer's V, Pearson's Contingency Coefficient and Phi Coefficient Yule's Q and Y, Tschuprow's T
DrawArc Draw Elliptic Arc(s)
Desc Describe Data
DrawBand Draw Confidence Band
DescTools-package Tools for Descriptive Statistics and Exploratory Data Analysis
Append Append Elements to Objects
BarText Add the Value Labels to a Barplot
Dummy Generate Dummy Codes for a Factor
Between, Outside Operators To Check, If a Value Lies Within Or Outside a Given Range
DunnTest Dunn's Test of Multiple Comparisons
Clockwise Calculates Begin and End Angle From a List of Given Angles in Clockwise Mode
Closest Find the Closest Value
BarnardTest Barnard's Unconditional Test
IdentifyA Identify Points in Plot Lying Within a Rectangle or Polygon
InDots Is a Specific Argument in the Dots-Arguments?
DoCall Fast Alternative To The Internal
ExpFreq Expected Frequencies
CutQ Create a Factor Variable Using the Quantiles of a Continuous Variable
CochranQTest Cochran's Q test
Dot Scalar Product
ExtrVal Distributions of Maxima and Minima
Entropy Shannon Entropy and Mutual Information
CoefVar Coefficient of Variation
DegToRad Convert Degrees to Radians and Vice Versa
Frac Fractional Part and Maximal Digits of a Numeric Value
BootCI Simple Bootstrap Confidence Intervals
Eps Greenhouse-Geisser And Huynh-Feldt Epsilons
Frechet The Frechet Distribution
GenExtrVal The Generalized Extreme Value Distribution
BoxCox Box Cox Transformation
CCC Concordance Correlation Coefficient
GiniSimpson Gini-Simpson Coefficient and Hunter-Gaston Index
Gmean Geometric Mean and Standard Deviation
GeomSn Geometric Series
Coalesce Return the First Element Not Being NA
Canvas Canvas for Geometric Plotting
GenPareto The Generalized Pareto Distribution
JonckheereTerpstraTest Exact Version of Jonckheere-Terpstra Test
GeomTrans Geometric Transformations
CochranArmitageTest Cochran-Armitage Test for Trend
ColorLegend Add a ColorLegend to a Plot
CramerVonMisesTest Cramer-von Mises Test for Normality
CollapseTable Collapse Levels of a Table
KappaM Kappa for m Raters
AddMonthsYM Add a Month to a Date in YearMonth Format
Agree Raw Simple And Extended Percentage Agreement
CronbachAlpha Cronbach's Coefficient Alpha
Herfindahl Concentration Measures
HexToCol Identify Closest Match to a Color Given by a Hexadecimal String
ICC Intraclass Correlations (ICC1, ICC2, ICC3 From Shrout and Fleiss)
IQRw The (weighted) Interquartile Range
DescToolsOptions DescTools Options
DunnettTest Dunnett's Test for Comparing Several Treatments With a Control
DenseRank Dense Ranks and Percent Ranks
Datasets for Simulation Datasets for Probabilistic Simulation
DigitSum Calculate Digit Sum
DurbinWatsonTest Durbin-Watson Test
Date Functions Basic Date Functions
Atkinson Atkinson Index - A Measure of Inequality.
ErrBars Add Error Bars to an Existing Plot
AxisBreak Place a Break Mark on an Axis
Freq Frequency Table for a Single Variable
EtaSq Effect Size Calculations for ANOVAs
GetNewXL Create a New Excel Instance
Freq2D Bivariate (Two-Dimensional) Frequency Distribution
BinTree Binary Tree
Gini Gini Coefficient
HmsToSec Convert h:m:s To/From Seconds
BinomCI Confidence Intervals for Binomial Proportions
BreuschGodfreyTest Breusch-Godfrey Test
BreslowDayTest Breslow-Day Test for Homogeneity of the Odds Ratios
HodgesLehmann Hodges-Lehmann Estimator of Location
CohenD Cohen's Effect Size
DrawBezier Draw a Bezier Curve
ConoverTest Conover's Test of Multiple Comparisons
CohenKappa Cohen's Kappa and Weighted Kappa
Fibonacci Fibonacci Numbers
DrawCircle Draw a Circle
Contrasts Pairwise Contrasts
FindColor Get Color on a Defined Color Range
FixToTable Convert a Text to a Table
Format Format Numbers and Dates
CountCompCases Count Complete Cases
Some numeric checks Check a Vector For Being Numeric, Zero Or a Whole Number
JarqueBeraTest (Robust) Jarque Bera Test
CountWorkDays Count Work Days Between Two Dates
DoBy Evaluates a Function Groupwise
Divisors Calculate Divisors
IsEuclid Is a Distance Matrix Euclidean?
IsOdd Checks If An Integer Is Even Or Odd
LehmacherTest Lehmacher's Test for Marginal Homogenity
DrawEllipse Draw an Ellipse
DrawRegPolygon Draw Regular Polygon(s)
FctArgs Retrieve a Function's Arguments
Factorize Prime Factorization of Integers
Extremes Kth Smallest/Largest Values
LeveneTest Levene's Test for Homogeneity of Variance
Lc Lorenz Curve
KendallW Kendall's Coefficient of Concordance W
GCD, LCM Greatest Common Divisor and Least Common Multiple
MixColor Compute the Convex Combination of Two Colors
Keywords List Keywords For R Manual Pages
GTest G-Test for Count Data
MosesTest Moses Test of Extreme Reactions
HexToRgb Convert a Hexstring Color to a Matrix With Three Red/Green/Blue Rows
Mode Mode, Most Frequent Value(s)
Hmean Harmonic Mean and Its Confidence Interval
Gompertz The Gompertz distribution
GoodmanKruskalGamma Goodman Kruskal's Gamma
LOCF Last Observation Carried Forward
MoveAvg Moving Average
LOF Local Outlier Factor
HoeffD Matrix of Hoeffding's D Statistics
HotellingsT2Test Hotelling's T2 Test
PlotBubble Draw a Bubble Plot
ImputeKnn Fill in NA values with the values of the nearest neighbours
HuberM Safe (generalized) Huber M-Estimator of Location
PlotBag Bivariate Boxplot
PtInPoly Point in Polygon
PlotTreemap Create a Treemap
PlotVenn Plot a Venn Diagram
HosmerLemeshowTest Hosmer-Lemeshow Goodness of Fit Tests
Logit Generalized Logit and Inverse Logit Function
Quantile Weighted Quantiles
MAD Median Absolute Deviation
Measures of Accuracy Measures of Accuracy
KrippAlpha Krippendorff's Alpha Reliability Coefficient
List Variety Of Objects List Objects, Functions Or Data in a Package
Rename Change Names of a Named Object
IsDate Check If an Object Is of Type Date
reorder.factor Reorder the Levels of a Factor
NemenyiTest Nemenyi Test
NPV Short Selection of Financial Mathematical Functions
ParseSASDatalines Parse a SAS Dataline Command
IsDichotomous Test If a Variable Contains Only Two Unique Values
PasswordDlg Password Dialog
PlotCandlestick Plot Candlestick Chart
PlotCashFlow Cash Flow Plot
MeanSE Standard Error of Mean
PlotECDF Empirical Cumulative Distribution Function
LineToUser Convert Line Coordinates To User Coordinates
PlotFaces Chernoff Faces
RgbToCmy Conversion Between RGB and CMYK
KendallTauB Kendall's \(\tau_{b}\)
KendallTauA Kendall's \(\tau_{a}\)
StdCoef Standardized Model Coefficients
RgbToCol Find the Nearest Named R-Color to a Given RGB-Color
Stamp Date/Time/Directory Stamp the Current Plot
PearsonTest Pearson Chi-Square Test for Normality
LogSt Started Logarithmic Transformation and Its Inverse
PlotACF Combined Plot of a Time Series and Its ACF and PACF
PlotFdist Frequency Distribution Plot
PercTable Percentage Table
PlotArea Create an Area Plot
PlotFun Plot a Function
IsPrime IsPrime Property
Median (Weighted) Median Value
Primes Find All Primes Less Than n
IsValidHwnd Check Windows Pointer
StrLeft, StrRight Returns the Left Or the Right Part Of a String
MedianCI Confidence Interval for the Median
Order Distributions of Order Statistics
Midx Find the Midpoints of a Numeric Vector
Outlier Outlier
PlotMonth Cycle Plot for Seasonal Effects of an Univariate Time Series
StrSpell Spell a String Using the NATO Phonetic or the Morse Alphabet
StrTrunc Truncate Strings and Add Ellipses If a String is Truncated.
PseudoR2 Pseudo R2 Statistics
Recycle Recyle a List of Elements
RelRisk Relative Risk
PostHocTest Post-Hoc Tests
PlotMosaic Mosaic Plots
PDFManual Get PDF Manual of a Package From CRAN
StrVal Extract All Numeric Values From a String
Rotate Rotate a Geometric Structure
RomanToInt Convert Roman Numerals to Integers
SetNames Set the Names in an Object
PowerPoint Interface Add Slides, Insert Texts and Plots to PowerPoint
Rev Reverse Elements of a Vector, a Matrix, a Table, an Array or a Data.frame
PMT Periodic Payment of an Annuity.
Permn Number and Samples for Permutations or Combinations of a Set
PlotLinesA Plot Lines
Shade Produce a Shaded Curve
Phrase Phrasing Results of t-Test
SmoothSpline Formula Interface For smooth.spline
TTestA Student's t-Test Based on Sample Statistics
pRevGumbel "Reverse" Gumbel Distribution Functions
TOne Create Table One Describing Baseline Characteristics
RndPairs Create Pairs of Correlated Random Numbers
PlotLog Logarithmic Plot
Depreciation Several Methods of Depreciation of an Asset
Some Return Some Randomly Chosen Elements of an Object
SD (Weighted) Standard Deviation
RobScale Robust Scaling With Median and Mad
SplitAt Split a Vector Into Several Pieces at Given Positions
SplitPath Split Path In Drive, Path, Filename
VIF Variance Inflation Factors
Unwhich Inverse Which
StrChop Split a String into a Number of Sections of Defined Length
StripAttr Remove Attributes from an Object
Strata Stratified Sampling
StrCountW Count Words in a String
VonNeumannTest Von Neumann's Successive Difference Test
SomersDelta Somers' Delta
Lambda Goodman Kruskal Lambda
Sort Sort a Vector, a Matrix, a Table or a Data.frame
PlotPairs Extended Scatterplot Matrices
PlotMultiDens Plot Multiple Density Curves
Label, Unit Label, Unit Attribute of an Object
PoissonCI Poisson Confidence Interval
Str Compactly Display the Structure of any R Object
Winsorize Winsorize (Replace Extreme Values by Less Extreme Ones)
TextToTable Converts String To a Table
TwoGroups Describe a Variable by a Factor with Two Levels
TextContrastColor Choose Textcolor Depending on Background Color
StrSplit Split the Elements of a Character Vector
StrAbbr String Abbreviation
TheilU Theil's U Index of Inequality
UncertCoef Uncertainty Coefficient
StrTrim Remove Leading/Trailing Whitespace From A String
RoundTo Round to Multiple
PolarGrid Plot a Grid in Polar Coordinates
RunsTest Runs Test for Randomness
WrdPageBreak Insert a Page Break
ScheffeTest Scheffe Test for Pairwise and Otherwise Comparisons
SaveAs Saves an R Object Under a Different Name
WrdParagraphFormat Get or Set the Paragraph Format in Word
WithOptions Execute Function with Temporary Options
MHChisqTest Mantel-Haenszel Chi-Square Test
WoolfTest Woolf Test For Homogeneity in 2x2xk Tables
ShapiroFranciaTest Shapiro-Francia Test for Normality
XLGetRange Import Data Directly From Excel
TitleRect Plot Boxed Annotation
WrdCellRange Return the Cell Range Of a Word Table
Mar and Mgp Set Plot Margins and Distances
WrdFont Get or Set the Font in Word
SiegelTukeyTest Siegel-Tukey Test For Equality In Variability
Zodiac Calculate the Zodiac of a Date
MultinomCI Confidence Intervals for Multinomial Proportions
XLSaveAs Save Excel File
VecRot Vector Rotation (Shift Elements)
StrDist Compute Distances Between Strings
MeanCI Confidence Interval for the Mean
Vigenere Vigenere Cypher
wdConst Word VBA Constants
WrdPlot Insert Active Plot to Word
WrdSaveAs Open and Save Word Documents
SysInfo System Information
ToLong, ToWide Reshape a Vector From Long to Wide Shape Or Vice Versa
TMod Comparison Table For Linear Models
LinScale Linear Scaling
ToWrd Send Objects to Word
LillieTest Lilliefors (Kolmogorov-Smirnov) Test for Normality
%like% Like Operator
Trim Trim a Vector
Mean (Weighted) Arithmetic Mean
as.matrix.xtabs Convert xtabs To matrix
lines.lm Add a Linear Regression Line
PlotQQ QQ-Plot for Any Distribution
StrExtract Extract Part of a String
MeanAD Mean Absolute Deviation From a Center Point
TukeyBiweight Calculate Tukey's Biweight Robust Mean
MeanDiffCI Confidence Interval For Difference of Means
ZTest Z Test for Known Population Standard Deviation Build-in Constants Extension
ORToRelRisk Transform Odds Ratio to Relative Risk
SplitToCol Split Data Frame String Column Into Multiple Columns
ZeroIfNA Replace NAs by 0
identify.formula Identify Points In a Plot Using a Formula
OddsRatio Odds Ratio Estimation and Confidence Intervals
power.chisq.test Power Calculations for ChiSquared Tests
WrdTableBorders Draw Borders to a Word Table
DescTools Aliases Some Aliases Set for Convenience
DescTools Palettes Some Custom Palettes
PlotCorr Plot a Correlation Matrix
ParseFormula Parse a Formula and Create a Model Frame
PlotDot Cleveland's Dot Plots
d.whisky Classification of Scotch Single Malts
XLDateToPOSIXct Convert Excel Dates to POSIXct
PlotViolin Plot Violins Instead of Boxplots Data pizza
PlotPolar Plot Values on a Circular Grid
PlotPyramid Draw a Back To Back Pyramid Plot
split.formula Formula Interface for Split
%nin% Find Matching (or Non-Matching) Elements
PlotWeb Plot a Web of Connected Points
MultMerge Merge Multiple Data Frames
PlotMarDens Scatterplot With Marginal Densities
Range (Robust) Range
WrdFormatCells Format Cells Of a Word Table
Recode Recode a Factor
SendOutlookMail Send a Mail Using Outlook as Mail Client
SetAlpha Add an Alpha Channel To a Color
PageTest Exact Page Test for Ordered Alternatives
SortMixed Sort Strings with Embedded Numbers Based on Their Numeric Order
Sample Random Samples and Permutations
PlotConDens Plot Conditional Densities
PairApply Pairwise Calculations
PlotTernary Ternary or Triangular Plots
PlotCirc Plot Circular Plot
SpearmanRho Spearman Rank Correlation
RevWeibull The Reverse Weibull Distribution
SignTest Sign Test
PlotMiss Plot Missing Data
StuartTauC Stuart \(\tau_{c}\)
StrAlign String Alignment
Quot Lagged Quotients
ToWrdB Send Objects to Word and Bookmark Them
StrIsNumeric Does a String Contain Only Numeric Data
ToWrdPlot Send a Plot to Word and Bookmark it
UnirootAll Finds many (all) roots of one equation within an interval
StrCap Capitalize the First Letter of a String
StrPad Pad a String With Justification
Untable Recover Original Data From Contingency Table
RSessionAlive How Long Has the RSession Been Running?
SpreadOut Spread Out a Vector of Numbers To a Minimum Interval
WrdBookmark Some Functions to Handle MS-Word Bookmarks
ColToOpaque Equivalent Opaque Color for Transparent Color
VarCI Confidence Intervals for the Variance
WrdCaption Insert Caption to Word
SampleTwins Sample Twins
Measures of Shape Skewness and Kurtosis
WrdTable Insert a Table in a Word Document
WrdStyle Get or Set the Style in Word
XLView Use MS-Excel as Viewer for a Data.Frame
StrPos Find Position of First Occurrence Of a String
YuenTTest Yuen t-Test For Trimmed Means
axTicks.POSIXct Compute Axis Tickmark Locations (For POSIXct Axis)
d.countries ISO 3166-1 Country Codes
StrRev Reverse a String
StuartMaxwellTest Stuart-Maxwell Marginal Homogeneity Test
VanWaerdenTest van der Waerden Test
Var Variance
%overlaps% Determines If And How Extensively Two Date Ranges Overlap Data diamonds
d.periodic Periodic Table of Elements
VarTest ChiSquare Test for One Variance and F Test to Compare Two Variances
WrdMergeCells Merges Cells Of a Defined Word Table Range
%c% Concatenates Two Strings Without Any Separator
lines.loess Add a Loess or a Spline Smoother
matpow Matrix Power
Abind Combine Multidimensional Arrays
BartelsRankTest Bartels Rank Test of Randomness
Base Conversions Converts Numbers From Binmode, Octmode or Hexmode to Decimal and Vice Versa
BinomDiffCI Confidence Interval for a Difference of Binomials
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Type Package
Date 2020-07-09
LinkingTo Rcpp, BH
License GPL (>= 2)
LazyLoad yes
LazyData yes
SystemRequirements C++11
RoxygenNote 6.1.1
Encoding UTF-8
NeedsCompilation yes
VignetteBuilder R.rsp
Packaged 2020-07-10 05:42:14 UTC; andri
Repository CRAN
Date/Publication 2020-07-10 15:30:02 UTC
depends base , R (>= 3.6.0) , stats
linkingto BH
imports boot , Exact , expm , graphics , grDevices , MASS , methods , mvtnorm , Rcpp (>= 0.12.10) , rstudioapi , utils
suggests R.rsp , RDCOMClient , tcltk , VGAM
Contributors David Mitchell, Kamil Barton, Stephane Champely, Leanne Chhay, Markus Huerzeler, Daniel Malter, Yongyi Min, Markus Naepflin, Michael Smithson, Yves Tille, Stefan Wellek, Detlew Labes, Friederich Leisch, George Marsaglia, John Marsaglia, Nanina Anderegg, Clint Cummins, Dong Li, Hong Ooi, Pete Hurd, Matthias Kohl, Bill Venables, David Meyer, Romain Francois, Dirk Eddelbuettel, Kevin Ushey, Ben Bolker, Jim Lemon, John Verzani, Tony Plate, Michael Friendly, Richard Heiberger, Torsten Hothorn, Achim Zeileis, Hadley Wickham, Klaus Nordhausen, Terry Therneau, Joshua Ulrich, Nick Parsons, Tal Galili, Sandrine Pavoine, Ken Aho, Luis Torgo, Max Kuhn, Jeremy VanDerWal, Brian D. Ripley, John Fox, Michael Dewey, Greg Snow, Andreas Alfons, Charles Dupont, Peter Wolf, Alec Stephenson, Arni Magnusson, Tyler Rinker, Michael Hoehle, Karline Soetaert, Gabor Grothendieck, Henric Nilsson, Derek Ogle, Matthias Templ, Giovanni Millo, Martin Maechler, Tomas Aragon, Antti Arppe, Adrian Baddeley, Frederico Caeiro, Daniel Chessel, Stephane Dray, Jeff Enos, Claus Ekstrom, Martin Elff, Matthias Gamer, Juergen Gross, Mikko Korpela, Alina Matei, Weiwen Miao, Daniel Navarro, Roland Rapold, William Revelle, Caroline Rodriguez, Mark Stevenson, Adrian Trapletti, Daniel Wollschlaeger, Thomas Yee, Gregory R. Warnes, Duncan Temple Lang, Christopher Jackson, Venkatraman E. Seshan, Richard W. Farebrother, Nathan Russell, Nick Sabbe, Joseph L. Gastwirth, Yulia R. Gel, Joseph Wood, Vilmantas Gegzna, Soeren Hojsgaard, Franziska Mueller, Ying Wu, Hans W. Borchers, Harold C. Doran, Frank E. Harrell Jr, Christian W. Hoffmann, Wallace W. Hui, Rob J. Hyndman, Pablo J. Villacorta Iglesias, Werner A. Stahel, Ralf Stubner, Rand R. Wilcox, Ben Mainwaring

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