# mlr_pipeops_datefeatures

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##### PipeOpDateFeatures

Based on POSIXct columns of the data, a set of date related features is computed and added to the feature set of the output task. If no POSIXct column is found, the original task is returned unaltered. This functionality is based on the add_datepart() and add_cyclic_datepart() functions from the fastai library. If operation on only particular POSIXct columns is requested, use the affect_columns parameter inherited from PipeOpTaskPreprocSimple.

If cyclic = TRUE, cyclic features are computed for the features "month", "week_of_year", "day_of_year", "day_of_month", "day_of_week", "hour", "minute" and "second". This means that for each feature x, two additional features are computed, namely the sine and cosine transformation of 2 * pi * x / max_x (here max_x is the largest possible value the feature could take on + 1, assuming the lowest possible value is given by 0, e.g., for hours from 0 to 23, this is 24). This is useful to respect the cyclical nature of features such as seconds, i.e., second 21 and second 22 are one second apart, but so are second 60 and second 1 of the next minute.

##### Format

R6Class object inheriting from PipeOpTaskPreprocSimple/PipeOpTaskPreproc/PipeOp.

PipeOpDateFeatures$new(id = "datefeatures", param_vals = list())  • id :: character(1) Identifier of resulting object, default "datefeatures". • param_vals :: named list List of hyperparameter settings, overwriting the hyperparameter settings that would otherwise be set during construction. Default list(). ##### Input and Output Channels Input and output channels are inherited from PipeOpTaskPreprocSimple. The output is the input Task with date-related features computed and added to the feature set of the output task and the POSIXct columns of the data removed from the feature set (depending on the value of keep_date_var). ##### State The $state is a named list with the $state elements inherited from PipeOpTaskPreprocSimple. ##### Parameters The parameters are the parameters inherited from PipeOpTaskPreprocSimple, as well as: • keep_date_var :: logical(1) Should the POSIXct columns be kept as features? Default FALSE. • cyclic :: logical(1) Should cyclic features be computed? See Internals. Default FALSE. • year :: logical(1) Should the year be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • month :: logical(1) Should the month be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • week_of_year :: logical(1) Should the week of the year be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • day_of_year :: logical(1) Should the day of the year be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • day_of_month :: logical(1) Should the day of the month be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • day_of_week :: logical(1) Should the day of the week be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • hour :: logical(1) Should the hour be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • minute :: logical(1) Should the minute be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • second :: logical(1) Should the second be extracted as a feature? Default TRUE. • is_day :: logical(1) Should a feature be extracted indicating whether it is day time (06:00am - 08:00pm)? Default TRUE. ##### Internals The cyclic feature transformation always assumes that values range from 0, so some values (e.g. day of the month) are shifted before sine/cosine transform. ##### Methods Only methods inherited from PipeOpTaskPreprocSimple/PipeOpTaskPreproc/PipeOp. ##### Fields Only fields inherited from PipeOpTaskPreproc/PipeOp. ##### See Also Other PipeOps: PipeOpEnsemble, PipeOpImpute, PipeOpTargetTrafo, PipeOpTaskPreprocSimple, PipeOpTaskPreproc, PipeOp, mlr_pipeops_boxcox, mlr_pipeops_branch, mlr_pipeops_chunk, mlr_pipeops_classbalancing, mlr_pipeops_classifavg, mlr_pipeops_classweights, mlr_pipeops_colapply, mlr_pipeops_collapsefactors, mlr_pipeops_colroles, mlr_pipeops_copy, mlr_pipeops_encodeimpact, mlr_pipeops_encodelmer, mlr_pipeops_encode, mlr_pipeops_featureunion, mlr_pipeops_filter, mlr_pipeops_fixfactors, mlr_pipeops_histbin, mlr_pipeops_ica, mlr_pipeops_imputeconstant, mlr_pipeops_imputehist, mlr_pipeops_imputelearner, mlr_pipeops_imputemean, mlr_pipeops_imputemedian, mlr_pipeops_imputemode, mlr_pipeops_imputeoor, mlr_pipeops_imputesample, mlr_pipeops_kernelpca, mlr_pipeops_learner, mlr_pipeops_missind, mlr_pipeops_modelmatrix, mlr_pipeops_multiplicityexply, mlr_pipeops_multiplicityimply, mlr_pipeops_mutate, mlr_pipeops_nmf, mlr_pipeops_nop, mlr_pipeops_ovrsplit, mlr_pipeops_ovrunite, mlr_pipeops_pca, mlr_pipeops_proxy, mlr_pipeops_quantilebin, mlr_pipeops_randomprojection, mlr_pipeops_randomresponse, mlr_pipeops_regravg, mlr_pipeops_removeconstants, mlr_pipeops_renamecolumns, mlr_pipeops_replicate, mlr_pipeops_scalemaxabs, mlr_pipeops_scalerange, mlr_pipeops_scale, mlr_pipeops_select, mlr_pipeops_smote, mlr_pipeops_spatialsign, mlr_pipeops_subsample, mlr_pipeops_targetinvert, mlr_pipeops_targetmutate, mlr_pipeops_targettrafoscalerange, mlr_pipeops_textvectorizer, mlr_pipeops_threshold, mlr_pipeops_tunethreshold, mlr_pipeops_unbranch, mlr_pipeops_updatetarget, mlr_pipeops_vtreat, mlr_pipeops_yeojohnson, mlr_pipeops ##### Aliases • mlr_pipeops_datefeatures • PipeOpDateFeatures ##### Examples # NOT RUN { library("mlr3") dat = iris set.seed(1) dat$date = sample(seq(as.POSIXct("2020-02-01"), to = as.POSIXct("2020-02-29"), by = "hour"),
size = 150L)
task = TaskClassif$new("iris_date", backend = dat, target = "Species") pop = po("datefeatures", param_vals = list(cyclic = FALSE, minute = FALSE, second = FALSE)) pop$train(list(task))
pop\$state
# }

Documentation reproduced from package mlr3pipelines, version 0.3.0, License: LGPL-3

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